Katan silk, as a concept, originates from Persia and came to India during the rise of the Mughal Empire. Katan is a thread, prepared by twisting a different number of silk filaments according to requirement to give a firm structure to the background fabric. Katan is a plain woven fabric with pure silk threads.
Benarasi work originates from the city in Varanasi called Benaras. It is identified by the gold and silver brocade or zari, fine silk and opulent embroidery. Fabrics are made of finely woven silk and are decorated with intricate design, and, because of these engravings, are relatively heavy.